The persin contained is incompatible and can lead to death.

Hedges and trees, as well as artificial facilities, have to fulfill their function, especially when exposed to intense sunlight and rain. In addition, horses must have sufficient fresh drinking water in the pasture.

Horse owners should make sure that the feed base on the pasture decreases when it is hot and that the animals sometimes have to be fed. For joint excursions, the following applies: A ride in the cooler morning and evening hours is most pleasant for people and animals. However, you should not expect your animal to exert too much effort.

Small animals can also become infected with rabies. Therefore, ferrets should be vaccinated against it once a year. Because many of them are outdoors and can easily become infected while walking with their owner. “If owners take them with them on trips, protection against rabies is even mandatory. As with dogs and cats, owners must have the EU vaccination certificate with them" explains Behr.

Small animals whose cage is outdoors always need a shady spot. Natural shade from trees and bushes in a spacious outdoor enclosure is the best protection. Another tip: Ice cubes or ice packs are wrapped in a towel for additional cooling.

With all animals that live in cages and cannot avoid the sun, the animal owner must take appropriate precautions. A shady place to withdraw is mandatory. An expert tip: Many birds love a shower with a flower sprayer. A cage bathing house also offers the animals a welcome cooling off.

“Guinea pigs do not need a vaccination,” says Astrid Behr from the veterinary association.

You should only feed grapes rarely and if so, then without the seeds. They are also difficult to digest for guinea pigs.

All types of stone fruit are taboo for guinea pigs. The hydrogen cyanide and lots of sugar it contains lead to diarrhea.

Is your dog a real water rat? Then let him prove how good he can dive. To do this, fill a large wash tub, a children’s paddling pool or a large bucket with water, sink a toy of your dog in it and then ask him to bring the toy. He has to dip his nose or his head in to get it. If the dog does not dare to go into the water at first, put treats in it. These often swim on the surface so that the dog can slowly get used to the wet without having to dive straight away.

The same applies to mandarins as to kiwifruit: Bad for the skin and rarely feed!

Legumes such as peas and broad beans are also extremely bad for guinea pigs.

Guinea pigs only benefit from kiwi to a limited extent and should be served very rarely. The fruit acid acidifies the urine and can lead to skin irritation.

Pears are also very high in sugar. They should only be fed infrequently as they can cause diarrhea.

You should keep your guinea pigs away from rhubarb because they contain too much of the poorly tolerated oxalic acid.

Guinea pigs are curious and greedy. A guinea pig eats 60 to 80 meals a day, so there should always be enough hay and water in the enclosure for digestion. The rodents especially like to pounce on fruit and vegetables. But be careful: not every animal feed is good for the guinea pig’s stomach. Avocado, for example, can literally poison the Meerli.

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Puff the leek and leek

The substance persin contained in avocados is incompatible with most pets. Its consumption leads to cardiac muscle damage and consequently shortness of breath, swelling and water retention in the abdomen. That usually ends fatally. In general, guinea pigs can tolerate a lot of vegetables. However, you should absolutely avoid all bulbous plants when feeding. This also includes leeks and chives.

No cabbage for guinea pigs

Especially if you cook hearty cabbage stews in winter, you should definitely not feed the falling leaves to your guinea pigs. All types of cabbage are unsuitable for Meerli food as their consumption can lead to diarrhea and flatulence. This also applies to potatoes, because the guinea pig’s stomach can only process the starch they contain poorly.

Feed fruit only rarely

There are a few things to consider when it comes to fruit. In general, fruits should remain a treat and should not be fed more than once a week. Under no circumstances should you then give the guinea pig stone fruit in the enclosure. The hydrogen cyanide and sugar it contains lead to diarrhea.

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Especially exotic fruits such as mango, pomegranate, pineapple or papaya do not belong on the natural diet of rodents. They lead to severe digestive disorders.

Spinach leaves also contain a lot of oxalic acid and should therefore only be fed rarely.

Like the master, like the animal: “If you seem tense yourself, you transfer this negative emotion to the asian beauties animal,” explains the animal psychologist. Be a relaxed role model. You can achieve this through slow movements and a friendly posture. Don’t stare into his eyes and "never bend down to an animal." That is exactly what seems threatening. "Squat down and do not move carefully but completely normally. This is the only way to give the impression of a completely normal everyday situation" so chins.

Even the potato, which is popular with humans, is not good for the guinea pig’s stomach. The starch it contains is difficult for the animals to digest.

The following applies to the doctor: “If possible, speak two octaves higher than usual,” advises the animal psychologist. However, you should only do this if you really have reason to praise, for example if the animal is behaving calmly and not because you are at the vet. "Never stroke an animal for comfort" so the expert. Even if it meows or howls, one thing is particularly important: “Under no circumstances should you react to it,” warns the animal psychologist. The reason: “The animal feels so encouraged in its behavior and does not turn it off.”

Bananas have a very high sugar content, which can have a constipating effect in guinea pigs. Bananas should therefore only be fed very rarely and in thin slices.

Radish leaves are easily digestible, but you should be careful with the radishes themselves. They are too hot for guinea pigs and irritate the respiratory tract (growing and caring for radishes).

Cabbage should not be fed to guinea pigs as it can cause gas and diarrhea.

Asparagus has a strong diuretic effect in guinea pigs and should therefore only be fed very rarely.

Avocados are harmful to most pets, including guinea pigs. The persin contained is incompatible and can lead to death.

R as in Rafeiro do Alentejo, Rhodesian Ridgeback, Roman fighting dog, Rottweiler

B for Bandog, Berger de Beauce, Berger de Brie, Dogue de Bordeaux, Bullmastiff, Bull Terrier

Because of the noise and confusion, many four-legged friends do not find their way home on New Year’s Eve. It is therefore essential to put on your pet a collar with an address tag for identification. Also give your telephone number. In this way, your animal can be brought back more quickly if it gets lost.

Animal liability is not required by law, but protects the owner from financial ruin in an emergency. Because according to the German Civil Code (BGB), Paragraph 833, the following applies: “If an animal kills a person or injures the body or health of a person or damages something, then whoever keeps the animal is obliged to give the injured person to replace resulting damage. “

P as in Perro de Presa Canario, Perro de Presa Mallorquin, Pitbull Terrier, Polski Owczarek Podhalanski, Pyrenean Mountain Dog

If you are at home at the turn of the year, you should always use the same tactics to take away your pet’s fear of loud noises over time. If your animal is startled, speak in a soft voice and, if possible, always use the same reassuring words (e.g .: "It’s not bad at all."). Stroke his head and maybe give him another treat. Then the New Year’s Eve noise will gradually lose its fright.

S for Sarplaninac, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, Slovensky Cuvac, South Russian Ovcharka

M for Maremman Shepherd Dog, Central Asian Owtscharka, Mastiff, Mastino Espanol, Mastin de los Pirineos, Mastino Napoletano, Mioritic, Molosser

Even if the cat is usually outdoors or the dog prefers to be in the garden, the following applies: Do not leave your animals outdoors, not even in gardens with one "safe" Fence. When animals are scared to death, they can find a way out of almost every garden.

T for Tibetan Mastiff, Tornjak, Tosa Inu

In order for your dog to get enough exercise, you should take him for a walk several times a day if possible. "Make these excursions exciting and varied: ball and stick games, small obedience exercises for concentration, followed by relaxing phases of sniffing can be easily combined" advises the Federal Association of Practicing Veterinarians.

Goodies "just in between" should be removed from the feeding schedule immediately. "If possible, reward your animal only with pats or games" advises the Federal Association of Practicing Veterinarians. However, your pet is in need of the reward "Treats" used, then you should subtract the small snacks from the total daily ration.

The following applies to couch potatoes: "In the house and garden, too, you can plan joint games of finding, hiding and bringing, in which your dog’s favorite toy is used" so the animal experts. Owners should keep in mind that toys lose their appeal after a while. So give out toys and take them away again. This keeps your dog playing together "Highlight" in which he is active on the side.

"Swimming increases the activity of dogs in particular" the animal experts know. Maybe your dog is one "Water rat". Then you should enable your four-legged friend to jump into the cool water regularly.

If you take a four-legged friend into your home, whether as a puppy or an adult dog, you should pay attention to a clear outline and adhere to it consistently. The dog should have a low-ranking position in its “pack”. Dogs that know their place in the pack are usually less stressed and calmer overall.

The general rule is: Always the same movements and the same meals will quickly become boring for your animal. Make the daily activity program an experience – and combine it with food every now and then. For example, hide small portions of food in your home and garden and let your dog look for them. Another tip from the vets: "Buster cubes that are filled with dry food also require all of your dog’s skill to be able to enjoy the food crumbs by moving the cube." 

"Natural obstacles like ditches and fallen trees offer good opportunities to practice jumping, balancing and climbing. If you give your dog plenty of support, it will have as much fun again" advise veterinarians.